Recent Developments of Environmental Justice Initiatives at the Federal, State Level
Environmental justice has been a focal point of the Biden administration’s environmental policy objectives. Although the movement stretches as far back as the 1960s and the EPA created the first environmental justice working groups in the early 1990s, environmental justice has seen renewed attention at both the federal and state levels. With major environmental justice reforms and lawmaking viewed by some as a partisan issue, reforms at the federal level are expected to occur mostly within the executive branch, while state legislatures have taken the lead in advancing environmental justice legislation. This article reviews the latest developments in federal and state efforts to advance environmental justice initiatives.