Indoor air pollution, an essentially unregulated condition, continues to be a growing concern among commercial and industrial building owners, tenants, schools, developers, and the general public. The World Health Organization estimates that up to 30 percent of new and remodeled buildings experience indoor air quality ("IAQ") problems. Moreover, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health identified IAQ problems as an "epidemic" of the 1990s. Poor IAQ may be caused by conditions such as inadequate ventilation, chemical contaminants (e.g., adhesives, carpeting, and cleaning agents), or biological contaminants (e.g., mold, pollen, and bacteria). Deficient IAQ has led to claims of adverse health effects by building occupants referred to as "sick building syndrome" or "building related illness."
The attorneys and technical consultants at MGKF have a broad range of experience addressing IAQ concerns. In addition to working with our clients' consultants toward diagnostic evaluation and remediation of IAQ issues, we have advised clients on the legal and practical impacts of these situations. Specifically, we have assisted clients in communicating with tenants, employees or other parties regarding IAQ concerns. We have also advised clients on potential IAQ legal liabilities that may arise for building owners and operators, employers, construction contractors, engineers and architects, HVAC manufacturers, material suppliers, real estate professionals, and landlords and tenants. In addition, our state cleanup program practice frequently requires evaluating and developing remedial strategies for potential vapor intrusion from subsurface contamination into indoor building spaces.
As a rapidly growing area of environmental litigation, and one without a comprehensive set of governing regulations, IAQ claims implicate creative theories of liability, as well as unique problems of proof and causation, workers compensation, and insurance. MGKF attorneys and technical consultants are well-suited to evaluate these issues from a legal and technical perspective and represent clients in these types of claims. More information may be found on our litigation practice area pages.
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Examples of indoor air matters in which MGKF has assisted clients include the following:
- MGKF has assisted the owners of apartment buildings to investigate and address IAQ concerns within HVAC systems and elsewhere such as mold, radon, and other contaminants to which tenants could be exposed.
- The firm counseled the owner of a New Jersey corporate office center in investigating potential IAQ impacts to tenant spaces associated with vapor intrusion from soil and groundwater contamination beneath the property, which was under remediation by the former owner. MGKF assisted the client by preparing requests for proposal for a consulting firm to perform indoor air testing, evaluating test results, and reviewing the consultant's draft report for compliance with New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency vapor intrusion guidance documents.
- The firm has utilized its knowledge of Occupational Safety and Health Administration workplace IAQ requirements to represent clients with potential indoor air problems in industrial buildings, hospitals, schools and universities, municipal offices, and other places of employment. In these matters, we have counseled on applicable testing, reporting, hazard communication, worker protection, and related obligations.
- January 6, 2020
- MGKF’s Spergel and Franey Presented “Building on Contaminated Land” at the 2017 PBI Real Estate InstituteDecember 18, 2017
- October 12, 2017
- MGKF’s Bender and Moshang Presented “Emerging Issues in Environmental Law: Impacting Real Estate Acquisition, Development and Ownership”August 15, 2017
- MGKF Presented “Regulatory Issues Associated with Emerging Contaminants” at the Spring Conference of the American Institute of Professional GeologistsMay 9, 2017
- March 31, 2017
- MGKF's Campbell Panelist for ABA Webinar on “Vapor Intrusion from Regulatory, Technical, and Legal Perspectives”May 16, 2016
- October 20, 2015
- Campbell Provides the Litigation Perspective on Vapor Intrusion as Part of the “EPA Vapor Intrusion Guidance: Analysis and Application”August 17, 2015A Webcast for the American Law Institute
- December 11, 2014
- November 13, 2014
- MGKF, First Philadelphia-Area Law Firm with LEED Gold Certified Commercial Interior Space Offers Advice on "Greening Your Office"September 30, 2014
- MGKF's Jonathan Spergel and Michael Gross Guest Speakers at 2013 PA Brownfields Conference on December 11November 19, 2013“The Real Estate Hibernation Has Ended—What Developers Need to Know About Key Environmental Regulatory Changes in the Post-Recession Economy”
- MGKF Attorneys Joseph Manko and Bryan Franey will present at the PBI Real Estate Institute on December 5thNovember 18, 2013
- June 17, 2010
Seminars & Speaking Engagements
- November 5, 2015
- September 9, 2015CO-HOSTED BY MANKO, GOLD, KATCHER & FOX AND BL COMPANIES
- September 9, 2014Co-Hosted by Manko, Gold, Katcher & Fox and BL Companies
- December 5, 2013Pennsylvania Bar Institute's 17th Annual Real Estate Institute
- September 16, 2010The New EPA Lead Paint Regulations--What do Property Owners, Real Estate Developers, Contactors, and Property Managers Need to Know?
- June 23, 2010The New EPA Lead Paint Regulations--What do Property Owners, Real Estate Developers, Contactors, and Property Managers Need to Know?
- January 13, 2020The Philadelphia Business Journal
- March 19, 2018The Philadelphia Inquirer/Philly.com
- October 1, 2013Pennsylvania State ChapterPublished by Matthew Bender
- January 23, 2017
- January 22, 2017
- January 25, 2016
- August 18, 2015
- June 18, 2015
- November 11, 2013
- EPA Publishes Proposed Amendment to All Appropriate Inquiry Rule: Significant Environmental Due Diligence Changes on the HorizonAugust 20, 2013
- April 19, 2013
- NJDEP Updates Vapor Intrusion Screening Levels and Guidance - Time to Pause and Reassess Your CleanupJanuary 17, 2013
- EPA Elevates Significance of Vapor Intrusion at Contaminated Sites: Comment Period on New EPA Guidance Now OpenApril 12, 2011
- Comprehensive EPA Lead Paint Rule to Take Effect in April: New Requirements for Broad Range of Renovation ActivitiesMarch 29, 2010
- PADEP Will Continue to Forge Ahead With Efforts to Rewrite Its Municipal and Residual Waste Regulations in 2008January 16, 2008
- August 10, 2020MGKF Litigation Blog
- January 13, 2020Law360
- First Circuit Affirms District Court's Grant of Summary Judgment In Favor Of Monsanto in PCB Property Contamination SuitDecember 19, 2017MGKF Litigation Blog
- July 10, 2015The Legal Intelligencer
- January 10, 2014The Legal Intelligencer
- November 8, 2013The Legal Intelligencer
- November 19, 2012Association of Corporate Counsel's "Green-house Counsel"
- May 2, 2011Association of Corporate Counsel's "Green-house Counsel"
- August 19, 2010The Legal Intelligencer
- February 13, 2009Mid Atlantic Real Estate Journal